Mammogram Interpretation

New Mammogram Advice and Correct Interpretation of Results

New Mammogram Advice provided by the USPSTF (United States Services Task Force) – an assemblage of self-regulating health specialists could be baffling for a number of women as the American Cancer Society has continued to suggest yearly mammogram screening from forty years of age onwards for healthy females.

The USPSTF’s new mammogram advice was forwarded after reviewing and commissioning study for developing computer simulated replicas evaluating likely results under varying screening circumstances.

Here is the new mammogram advice suggested on the basis of that endeavour.

  • Women in average risk must start getting regularly screened from fifty years of age, rather than forty years.
  • Regular screening must conclude by seventy-four years of age.
  • Females must undergo screening mammogram tests in a 2-yearly time interval rather than annually.
  • Breast self examinations have shown to be inaccurate and not any worth, according to outcomes of numerous large-scaled researches.
Interpreting Mammogram Outcomes

Dubious mammogram outcomes at times need further testing. With additional assessment (imaging study and at times biopsy), majority of such irregularities turn out to be normal breast tissues or non-malignant breast tissues.

Screening Mammograms

Screening mammogram is recommended every year for all females in the ages of forty onwards, despite them not having any symptoms or indications of breast ailment.

During a screening mammogram, X-ray is done on the breasts in duo varying positions – top-to-base and side-to-side. On viewing of mammogram images, breast tissues seem white and dense whereas fatty tissues appear more dark and transparent.

Abnormal Screening Mammogram Findings

Likely irregularities are observed in six to eight percent of females that have undergone screening mammogram. A diminutive set of women require additional examination which could comprise of diagnostic mammograms, ultrasound scans of the breasts or needle biopsy procedure.

Following conclusion of supplementary assessment, often nothing off-beam is found in majority of such women.

Diagnostic Mammograms

Diagnostic mammogram involves examination focussing exclusively on a region of tissue which seemed irregular in a screening mammogram. Diagnostic mammogram is additionally conducted on females that have not undergone screening mammograms, however could be having symptoms or indications of something irregular in their breast tissues.

Diverse researches could be conducted based on the likely irregularity. Solely supplementary images would be necessary in a number of cases. In other cases, ultrasound scans of the breasts and further images would be performed.

Abnormal Appearance on Mammograms

Likely irregularities on mammograms could be nodules, accumulation, lumps, density or distortions.

  • Masses or lumps having an even, distinct border are mostly non-malignant. Ultrasounds are required for characterizing the insides of masses – in case the masses have fluid presence then they are known as cysts.
  • Masses or lumps having uneven edges or spicule- like form could be malignant and biopsy is generally advised.
  • Microcalcification (tiny calcium depositions) is another form of irregularity. It could be categorized as non-malignant, dubious or indeterminate. Based on the form of these microcalcifications on the supplementary enlarged images, a biopsy could be advised.
Mammogram Accuracy

Mammograms have a near ninety percent accuracy and have enhanced the capability of detecting breast irregularities prior to them growing to an extent where they could be palpated during breast exams.

But, it could be likely that masses could be felt, however not appearing at the time of mammograms. Diagnostic mammograms or further studies could be advised in case any irregularity is felt during breast exams.